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CPH Theory is based on generalized the light velocity from energy into mass.


Does EVERYTHING happen at the same time, really?




TIME is not real - it is a human construct to help us differentiate between now and our perception of the past, an equally astonishing and baffling theory states.

This conundrum as to why we interpret time in a forward motion has led scientists to question why. Inevitably, some have concluded that time is simply human construct.
They argue that there is a 'block-universe' where time and space are connected, otherwise known as space-time.
The theory, which is backed up Einstein's theory of relativity, states that space and time are part of a four dimensional structure where everything thing that has happened has its own co-ordinates in space-time.
This would allow everything to be "real" in the sense that the past, and even the future, are still there in spacetime - making everything equally important as the present.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology physicist Max Tegmark, told space.com: "We can portray our reality as either a three-dimensional place where stuff happens over time, or as a four-dimensional place where nothing happens ['block universe'] - and if it really is the second picture, then change really is an illusion, because there's nothing that's changing; it's all just there - past, present, future. Read More.


Past, present and future are all 'now'


Physical nature of Time

In equations and computation of classic physics, time used an absolute quantity. The subject that time is really absolute or not, did not discuss anymore and it was not considerable to draw attention of researchers and scientists. Because, there was not any physical experience that be inconsistent with being absolute of time. However, after "Michelson-Morley Experiment" and formulation of "Lorentz Transformation" and especially with appearance of relativity, synchronization of two same clocks was challenged in different speeds and more than even the physical nature of time was questioned of. However, in relativity, it has been discussed about dilation of time.

Quantum mechanics investigates about time from both experimental and conceptual dimensions. Although paradox of twins was proposed in relativity, but quantum mechanics claims, photon does not experience passing time. Photon travels in space milliards of light years and when it enters to light systems on the earth, behaves like photons in which have been created on the earth and in the lab a moment ago. Is photon stationary (static) on the axis of time? In other words, is photon moving in the space that does not experience passing time in the words of quantum mechanics, but motionless in the time? It means that here this question that, is not there a space-time to the relativistic concept for the photon? 

There is three attitudes about time in the modern physics. One is based on relativity, other is a result of quantum mechanics progress and the third attitude of thermodynamics. In all three views, space, mass (or energy) and movement are the intrinsic properties of a physical entity, but there is considerable differences view about time.

In special relativity, moving clock works slower than static clock. According to general relativity, the clock lies in a stronger gravitational field, is slower than a clock that works in a weaker gravitational field. We have another event that relies on experience more than it can be relied on theory and essentially its rules has experimental base and it is thermodynamics. In thermodynamics, entropy is known as arrow of time. If we consider the visible universe as an isolated system, irregularity is getting increased at the moment of big bang till now. Therefore, entropy of the universe can be used as a time arrow.

So far, we have four experimental samples about physical time, speed is associated with time in special relativity, In general relativity and time is affected by gravity, in quantum mechanics is claimed that there is not time in quantum scale and it is measurable in thermodynamics of entropy with the arrow of time. How this event can be explained? This event unlike thermodynamic scale of time, happens in the viewpoint of CPH theory out of time dimension and it is something beyond of time dilation. The question is: Where is the drawback of different interpretations of physical events and inconsistency in theories with each other? Is nature mysterious or unknowable? The reality is another thing. The reality is that nature rules and physical behavior of existents has been in the form that is now too. Just our knowledge and our recognition has grown and our insight has permeated from surface to depth. For better understanding and explanation of these events and different opinions, we need to permeate more in the depth of nature and take some distance of outward (appearance) of events. It means that we need to pass from the boundary of the apparent world (speed of light) and simultaneous with passing from the boundary of the apparent world, we must leave quantum scales and analyze the processes in sub quantum scales in which relativity and quantum mechanics are not able to explain them.

The sub quantum definition of time: any physical being does not keep its content energy in interaction with other physical entity, experience passing time.

By this definition any physical entity that is keeping energy content, does not experience passing time, in other words, its existence is independent of time.

In quantum mechanics, all particles have variable content of energy (except graviton), even photons can gain energy in interaction with other particles, like as inverse Compton scattering, and the gravitational blueshift, or lose energy as Compton scattering and gravitational redshift. Therefore, energy of photon changes. Most importantly, in pair production, a photon is converted to "electron-positron" pair, in this process, photon is decayed and "electron-positron" pair are created. These are all reasons that the photon will experience passing time, but in a long journey in space, it moves with limit speed  c, as long as it does not interact with other particles or fields, it preserves its content of energy and in this travelling , does not experience passing time.

Assume that the observable universe would collapse due to gravity. Again, a new universe appears by another big bang. We suppose a smart existent like human lives in the next universe, the question is: How he/she will know that we have lived before him/her? All the materials in the observable universe converted to energy and energy converted to matter again. How do we know there was a universe before the present universe or it has not been existed at all? We do not know the answer of this question. However, we know that any physical existent in this universe does not destroy and just it converts to another thing, converting energy to mass and vice versa, in fact, field converts to energy, energy converts to matter-antimatter and vice versa. 

The fact is that the Earth, solar system and the universe existed before us and after us will exist too. Human as a clock compares himself with older clocks, and from this comparison concludes that there exist something that is called time, and the time is independent of physical existents. While any attempt to explain or define time, independent of physical existents has been inconclusive. According to the above mentions and with a definition, we present a general rule of objects/particles that experience or do not experience passing time and by using it we will be become closer to recognize the physical nature of time.
So, graviton is the smallest unit of energy in nature, and everything is made up of energy, graviton does not experience passing time. It means everything happens at the same time.


All Nobel Laureates in Physics

Contains: names, biographies and lectures


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10  Newest articles







CPH Theory in Journals


General Science Journal

World Science Database

Hadronic Journal

National Research Council Canada

Journal of Nuclear and Particle Physics

Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Science

Sub quantum space and interactions from photon to fermions and bosons

Interesting articles

English Articles

Faster Than Light 

Light that travels…faster than light!

Before the Big Bang

Structure of Charge Particles

Move Structure of Photon

Structure of Charge Particles

Faster Than Light 

Light that travels…faster than light!

Before the Big Bang

Structure of Charge Particles

Move Structure of Photon

Structure of Charge Particles

Zero Point Energy and the Dirac Equation [PDF]

Speed of Light and CPH Theory [PDF]

Color Charge/Color Magnet and CPH [PDF]

Sub-Quantum Chromodynamics [PDF]

Effective Nuclear Charge [PDF]

Maxwell's Equations in a Gravitational Field [PDF]

 Realization Hawking - End of Physics by CPH [PDF]

Questions and Answers on CPH Theory [PDF]

Opinions on CPH Theory [PDF]

Analysis of CPH Theory

Definition, Principle and Explanation of CPH Theory [PDF]

Experimental Foundation of CPH Theory [PDF]

Logical Foundation of CPH Theory [PDF]

A New Mechanism of Higgs Bosons in Producing Charge Particles [PDF]

CPH Theory and Newton's Second Law [PDF]

CPH Theory and Special Relativity [PDF]

Properties of CPH [PDF]

Time Function and Work Energy Theorem [PDF]

Time Function and Absolute Black Hole [PDF] 

Thermodynamic Laws, Entropy and CPH Theory [PDF]

Vocabulary of CPH Theory [PDF] 

Quantum Electrodynamics and CPH Theory [PDF] 

Summary of Physics Concepts [PDF]

Unification and CPH Theory [PDF] 

Strong Interaction and CPH Theory [PDF]


Since 1962 I doubted on Newton's laws. I did not accept the infinitive speed and I found un-vivid the laws of gravity and time.

I learned the Einstein's Relativity, thus I found some answers for my questions. But, I had another doubt of Infinitive Mass-Energy. And I wanted to know why light has stable speed?





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